The basic purpose of EORI (Economic Operator Registration and Identification in the EU) is to establish a system whereby every trader who interacts with Customs Authorities in any Member State of the EU is allocated an unique reference number. This reference number is valid throughout the EU and serves as a common reference number for the trader’s interaction with the Customs Authorities of any Member State. The number has to be used in all customs declarations. It is also used for the exchange of information between the Customs authorities of the EU, and where appropriate, between Customs and other authorities e.g. statistical authorities.
For the application of an EORI number it has to be differentiated between companies established in the EU and companies that are not established in the EU
Economic operators established in the EU:
Economic operators established in the EU should in principle be registered in the Member State where they are established. Even if the first operation takes place in another Member State, economic operators must ask the Member State in which they are established to assign them an EORI number. In the registration process economic operators must observe the national rules of the Member State where they are established.
Economic operators not established in the EU:
Economic operators not established in the EU should be in principle registered if they perform one of the following activities:
lodge in the Community a summary (e.g. a summary declaration for temporary storage) or customs declaration other than: a customs declaration made for the temporary importation procedure ( e.g. for an exhibition, or re-export of temporarily imported goods)
lodge in the Community an exit or entry summary declaration
operate a temporary storage facility
apply for an authorisation
apply for an Authorised Economic Operator certificate
Economic operators not established in the Community are recommended to apply for an EORI number before they start any of the activities listed above in the Member State where the activities are planned.
With the following link you can launch an EORI validation test by entering an EORI number http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/dds2/eos/eori_validation.jsp?Lang=en.
EORI number application – national implementation
The below attached document of the European Commission provides a general overview on the national implementation of EORI including:
the authorities responsible for assigning an EORI number
the national procedures for assigning an EORI number
the documents to be provided during the registration process
Please understand that the below document give only a high-level overview and that you have to contact the national authorities responsible for assigning the EORI number in order to obtain precise information in that regard.