Digitalization and the business models of “digital MNEs” present challenges for international taxation. At EU level, the proposed “Council Directive on the common system of a digital services tax on revenues resulting from the supply of certain digital services” has recently been rejected. On a global level, there are discussions on digital taxation within the G20/OECD with a view to developing digital PEs and a digital services tax. Nevertheless, some states have chosen not to wait for international solutions and have started to implement unilateral measures.
Austria plans to introduce a digital services tax in 2020:
- Sales of traditional advertising space, such as in print media, broadcasting, posters and billboards, are subject to Austrian advertising tax. The new digital services tax would apply to revenues generated in Austria through sales of online advertising space, such as banner advertising and search engine advertising.
- Tax revenues would be collected if the recipients are located in Austria. Selling online advertising space would thus be subject to the digital services tax if the online advertising targets Austrian internet users and is displayed on an Austrian user’s device. The location at which an Austrian user’s device is used would be determined using the Internet Protocol (IP) address of the device or, if more accurate, any other method of geolocation, such as geotargeting.
- The digital services tax would only apply to large digital corporations with total annual worldwide revenues exceeding EUR 750m and domestic revenues deriving from sales of online advertising space exceeding EUR 25m.
- The tax rate would be 5%.
- The digital services tax would be calculated and payable by the entity in receipt of the taxable revenues. After fiscal year end, the company would have to file a digital services tax return.
- Further, record-keeping requirements would apply with regard to the online advertising services rendered, the customers and the calculation base.
- The new digital services tax would be evaluated regularly and would be adapted in future as soon as global solutions are found at EU and OECD levels.
Obligation to keep records and liability for online platforms from January 2020
From January 2020, an obligation to keep records will apply to businesses that enable supplies or other services using online platforms or marketplaces (so-called electronic interfaces), but which do not owe VAT themselves.
These records must be provided to the Austrian tax authorities electronically on request, in order to ensure that VAT has been correctly accounted for. The obligation will affect services in the context of the ‘sharing economy’ or distance sales within the EU. The records must contain specific pieces of information, to be stipulated in an implementing regulation (“Sorgfaltspflichten-Umsatzsteuerverordnung”). If the obligations are breached, the electronic interface will be held liable for the tax.
Furthermore, liability will also apply for suppliers in non-EU countries, whose supplies to non-taxable persons are nominally deemed to be made by the electronic interface in accordance with the legal fiction. The precondition for the liability is that the non-EU supplier cannot assume with due care that the electronic interface observes its tax obligations. In line with the Austrian Implementing Regulation, this will also apply to certain businesses that carry out import distance sales, distance sales within the EU, or provide other services to non-taxable persons.
For more Information please contact:
Christine Weinzierl, Partner, PwC Austria
Tel. +43-1-501 88-3630
Image source: unsplash.com
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